Josephines Blog

Intention is to /re/open for thinking and discussing old European civilizations, territories and lands, national and cultural entities, architecture, DNA, chromosomes, mixing and melting of people and cryptic art from the past. It is about known and forgotten stories about places and events and how to cut same material about "Old World" with different measure and design in mind.

Friday, May 26, 2006

Ancient temples and Malta
Malta is an Mediterranean island known as a tourist destination or just another nice and sunny place. It is an island mainly made from Coralline Limestone (one built up from corals in some of geological phases and a very hard rock) or from Globigerina Limestone famous for its easy cutting. The last one easily splits into practical for building blocks. For that fact its been known and used since Megalithic times. We commonly like to start Maltese history with approximately 5000 B.C. and Neolithic. Thousand years later it became temple period, after that Bronze and Iron age came before becoming a part of better known worlds (Phoenician and Roman) Temple period is unique and fascinating. There are some 30 known temples on Malta. They all share general architectural idea or at least mutations and variations of imagined standard. In terms of engineering they were advanced or that is how we describe them. Surrogate for plaster was crushed Globigerina limestone material. Quarrying and importing the stone from various distances to future temple sites obviously went as predicted. How it was performed is highly speculator. We know they used ropes, levers and different types of rollers. What else and how we do not know. raising gigantic blocks is compared with "usual" Megalithic positioning in other places where they exist. Experiments were performed to explain technology behind chrome less and dolmen structures in Europe. They offer interesting comparative possibilities. Sculptures from the sites often present big woman (sitting, standing and lovely sleeping one not bigger than a soap dish). Temples and these figurines have a lot in common. In perception of shape and visual tracing your eye will involuntarily take you there. Architecturally it does not have to be proven, sane or even plausible. Pictogram of temple as a sign sticks with you. Following subconscious clues is not scientific but is there and is a gift. temple development goes ( in simple version) from huts through 3, 4 , and 5 straight to the "final plan"-6 apse temple. How and why these extensions cluster and group together is a mystery. No doubt there is a strong logic behind it. If nothing else-theological reasons. Unfortunately however understandable it may be it is not so for us at the present time and state of mind. Groups of temples gather together , too. This is only stating the obvious. and obvious is-how little we know. Malta should be treated with recognized importance and caution. It is one of less known links in European past. Temples stopped being used at the time when Egyptians started raising pyramids. It is a great point for tourist and it is a great pint for everybody to dwell on it. They stood there and served culture and religion that translated and transported parts of itself to civilizations to follow. It is part of our known world. There are many more or less undisturbed lines flowing from the "beginning". Darwin is not offering best approach when it comes to history of civilizations. There extinction is never final. Object find in situ, archeological interests, open mind,.... should open different gates. At some time story about pyramid and Orion started telling us more than Maltese temples and skies above them do. It is utterly fascinating and important to know about Ancient Egypt. Money , effort and trend made it possible. It as well may be that time is ripe for "new" trend.

Wednesday, May 17, 2006

Civilizations lost in European education
Children learn about history in schools. History is one of the humanitarian disciplines that put us and/or our societies in invisible but life-and beyond-long boundaries. Presenting and highlighting the past consists of two factors: selection and interpretation. I would love to write about interpretation. It is not to be although it is nice to dig into some petrified "thru facts" about for example WW II. Bad guys and good guys are well known. It is very important to recognize and deal with wrongdoing. Next level should be painting bigger and more precise picture. Germans are big nation, they are not exclusively Nazis. They are intellectuals, thinkers and peasants between other things (and they are society with significant ethical principals observing how they dealt with their past). French are big nation, too. They are not resistance they are Vichy between other things (and they are not happy to deal with that). Italians are not mild-art-children loving fascist with mandolins, they are cruel oppressors and adversaries between other things. Swedes are liberal northerners, but kind of liberals who shared Nazi industry profits and more. It is all very political and tempting. Selection is more important and less marked with passion one would believe. It is very important what history is for future generations. How come that on average it starts with some bison's in some caves, jumps to Egypt and Mesopotamia(first more than second), through Greece and ever important Rome and lands at your national doorstep. After Roman experience, it is well known throughout Europe, fundaments are laid. Is it not amazing and who said so?? We decided to strip our ancestors of many qualities. How their stories are presented today is neither correct nor self explanatory. To trash Neanderthals is usual stuff. They were strong people with big brains (proven).With certain rules and practices they would intentionally bury their own (proven).It is still speculators but most probably they had music, arts and magic in their lives. It was far in time, but we are learning more and knowing more each day and it is not leaking into school system. Neolithic cultures of Malta and Mycenae culture of today's Greece do not stand a chance. Nobody insists on their place and importance in development of our continent.Gigantja temples, stone carvings, Hypogeum, great Goddess cult are completely pushed aside. Is that because pyramids are so much more important?? Or Romans who built huge Empire, 60+mil people, technological revolution, reshaping of known world. Put on the side that they were brutes, conquering genocidal mercenaries, religiously eclectic people (that part is good because ready made Etruscan, Greek and Egyptian gods left some room for other wise nonexistent tolerance). They won and while walking that line everybody else was labeled Barbarian. How smart was that? Very. How correct is that? Not at all. And do we still follow fake lead? Vigorously and with conviction. Caesar was pompous, ambitious, deceitful, prone to bribery (proven) example...of what exactly for our children to admire?? Celts on the other hand were one of the great Prehistoric societies. (Today better known as titles on musical Cds and names of soccer clubs) I guess better something than nothing. They were neither a race nor a nation. It was an amalgam of tribes with common culture and variations of the same language. That is a nice sample of something....good. Take mitochondrial DNA studies, last 30 years (books written by Luca Cavalli Sforza, Bryan Sykes, Spencer Wells etc.). Genetically Europe is not what it is called and it is good. "Germans" and "Hungarians" are more "Slavs" than else and so on and on. All this classifications and names should be here to help us navigate through Eu history and territories. Some people will rejoice in discoveries that further you go in the past-it is all the same. It is proven that majority of Europeans can trace their origins within original Paleolithic population of the continent. Mass movements from fertile crescents never happened. Movements were and are happening all the time but not on romantic XIX ct scale we perceive them. And Slavs or whoever that was never jumped on horses and populated vast western territories. People mingle and mix, it is never one tribe it is always a chosen name. Today united Eu has economic backbone. Healthier for ones than for others. It is of utmost importance to show old things in new light. It is still hypocrisy that does not let people in charge to let more details out. More pride, knowledge and fulfillment future generations gain from these facts they will be more understanding and willing to find something in common with others. History does not repeat itself but people do. Shortage of detail is counterproductive and why would our children have that misfortune. It is so irresponsible and it is so clear.......

Sunday, May 07, 2006

hello,my first post will be about the words